The term cataract derives from the vision that one has when trying to look through a waterfall. Cataract is an opacification of the internal lens of the eye that is located behind the iris, the crystalline lens. The opacification progresses slowly and it is not unusual that the patient does not notice the deterioration of the eyesight, this blurring is mainly for distance.
Often one wonders if something can be done to avoid the onset or worsening of cataracts. Initially changing the glasses can improve vision. Unfortunately there is no medical cure for cataracts.
WHEN TO OPERATE?
When the eyesight deteriorates to the point of interfering with daily activities and cannot be improved by changing the lenses of the glasses. The cataract does not reform after the surgery and the artificial lens lasts forever. The intervention is usually scheduled, and only when the patient begins to experience discomfort. The fundamental concept is that unless the patient has problems in daily life, surgery is NOT necessary.
In some patients, the eyesight may become cloudy again usually after a few years following the surgery due to a secondary cataract, which can be fixed in a few minutes with a laser in the Clinic.
Cataract Surgery Rome
The operation consists in the removal of the natural lens and replacing it with an artificial one.
Phacoemulsification surgery is the modern technique that uses ultrasound to fragment the lens and aspirate it into very small pieces, this can be done through very small incisions. In almost all patients, it is done under local anaesthesia with only drops without injections. The recovery time is short and in a few days one can already notice the improvement in vision.
Modern surgery with micro incisions has very high success rates. It is however important to realise that any surgery has risks, in cataract surgery there can be very rare problems during surgery, even more rarely issues such as bleeding and infection, however manageable in all cases in the hands of an expert surgeon . Infections in the postoperative period are rare, and if treated promptly they respond very well to therapies.
Dr Sciscio evaluates each eye parameter to advise over the best choice of the most appropriate artificial lens:
- MULTIFOCAL lenses for the correction of presbyopia
- TORIC lenses for correcting astigmatism
- MONOFOCAL lenses for clear vision from a distance, close-up glasses are required
Dr Sciscio performs cataract surgery since 1995 with the phacoemulsification technique (ultrasound). He has a vast range of surgical cases under his belt, having learned all the surgical techniques in routine and complex cases in a structured teaching program, thus guaranteeing the most appropriate and safest solution in the best interest for the patient.